The high pressure injection system also improves nebulisation of the injected fuel, reducing the amount of particulates emitted when the catalytic converter is warming up. The Gasoline Particulate Filter (GPF) along with the Stop & Start On the Move strategy, which cuts and restart the engine while the car is on the move, ensures the engine meets all emissions regulations.
The geometry of the exhaust system was evolved to increase and balance the sound from the engine and tailpipes, with the aim of accentuating the car’s extremely sporty character with the top down.
The retractable hard top (RHT), which opens in just 14 seconds at speeds of up to 45 km/h, does not reduce the interior dimensions, maintaining the car’s roomy cockpit. The electric rear screen, which acts as a wind-stop, makes the car truly useable with the top down while, with the top up, it can be left open to allow the passengers to hear the naturally-aspirated V12’s unique soundtrack.
The front-mounted V12 architecture has not been used in a Ferrari series-production spider since the 365 GTS4. Four special series limited editions cars were built: the 550 Barchetta Pininfarina in 2000, the Superamerica in 2005, the SA Aperta in 2010 and, most recently, the F60 America of which just 10 were built to celebrate Ferrari’s 60th year on the American market in 2014.